• San José municipal council have detailed plans to bring the largely illegally built urban area of Caló d’en Real under ‘normal’ town planning regulations and services.
  • The plan includes an ‘obligation’ on owners of properties built to the coastline, to return the coastal part of their properties into public use.

Nick Gibbs

The San José plan was announced at the full council meeting on Thursday the 28th of June. It details their aim of “preserving a space of great landscape interest and the environment, the introduction of an urban planning order of the area, and to provide infrastructure and services”.

It is proposed to “obligate” the owners of the houses built right up to the coastline, to make a special plan and transfer the illegally developed land back into the control of the Town Hall, for the creation of what is termed “a large green area”.

All works required for the provision of facilities, green areas and infrastructure would be carried out by the owners through the “cooperation system”.

Alongside the controls imposed on existing developments, an order will suspend the granting of any new licences for a minimum of two years.

The Council minutes stated that the property development at Caló d’en Real began more than 40 years ago, but urbanisation works were never completed. This left streets with no  paving, and no public car parking, and deficient water and sewerage services, including that the area has no fire hydrants.

Editorial Comment

Spanish Law, the ‘Ley de Costas’ states that the entire coastline is in public ownership and must be available for public access.

It is apparent from the Google maps image attached that some properties in the area are built to the cliff edge. Ibiza walking guru Toby Clarke confirmed to us that the cliff top walk around Caló d’en Real is not possible at present without garden hopping – though he said this was the case in several other areas also.

There is no detail in the council statement which specific properties would be affected, nor timescale for the plan to be implemented.

Contrary to popular belief, the Ley de Costas does not give a specific number of metres that must be kept open to the public. What should be public is based on many factors including tidal reach, beaches and dunes, habitat of marine flora and fauna, and other factors. But the point is there must be some public access. No property owner in Spain is legally allowed to build to the limit of the coastline in a way that would prevent the public traversing their property by a coastal route.

Read our full guide to the law below.

Guide to Ley de Costas – Spanish Coastal Law