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Ibiza’s History During the Rule of the Carthaginians and later the Romans

This brief explanation is given by Wikipedia. If you are a history buff and wish to extend it, we would love to hear from you. 

In 654 BC, Phoenician settlers founded a port on Ibiza. With the decline of Phoenicia after the Assyrian invasions, Ibiza came under the control of Carthage, also a former Phoenician colony. The island produced dye, salt, fish sauce (garum), and wool.

A shrine with offerings to the goddess Tanit was established in the cave at Es Cuieram, and the rest of the Balearic Islands entered Eivissa’s commercial orbit after 400 BC. Ibiza was a major trading post along the Mediterranean routes. Ibiza began establishing its own trading stations along the nearby Balearic island of Majorca, such as Na Guardis, where numerous Balearic mercenaries hired on, no doubt as slingers, to fight for Carthage.

During the Second Punic War, the island was assaulted by the two Scipio brothers in 209 BC but remained loyal to Carthage. With the Carthaginian military failing on the Iberian mainland, Ibiza was last used by the fleeing Carthaginian General Mago to gather supplies and men before sailing to Minorca and then to Liguria. Ibiza negotiated a favorable treaty with the Romans, which spared Ibiza from further destruction and allowed it to continue its Carthaginian-Punic institutions well into the Empire days, when it became an official Roman municipality. For this reason, Ibiza today contains excellent examples of late Carthaginian-Punic civilization. During the Roman Empire, the island became a quiet imperial outpost, removed from the important trading routes of the time.

After the fall of the Western Roman Empire and a brief period of first Vandal and then Byzantine rule, the island was conquered by the Moors in 990, the few remaining locals converted to Islam and Berber settlers came in. Under Islamic rule, Ibiza came in close contact with the city of Dénia—the closest port in the nearby Iberian peninsula, located in the Valencian Community—and the two areas were administered jointly by the Taifa of Dénia.

Sant Antoni’s Eternal War Between Rome and Carthage

Nicole Torres

The war between Carthage and Rome has no real basis in the war that has no end in Sant Antoni… And lets hope it lasts many years!

This historical fact serves, every September, as an ideal excuse for organising several days of celebration in which the protagonists are the residents of Sant Antoni and Sant Agustí.

As part of the Celebrations of the Land, on the Passeig de ses Fonts, weapon workshops were held to make shields and swords so the fighters would be ready for the great war.

Because children also want to sign up for this great party, on the Friday before the big fight there is a day of children’s activities to keep them content.

The great battle takes place on Saturday.

Late in the afternoon, the armies mass their ranks.

At half past seven they proceed to the site of the battle, and always in the spirit of the day, sign the peace treaty between the two armies before the tomato fight starts.

It is a great sight, and many people will congregate along the paseo to watch. Sometimes there is some spontaneous public participation.

After the battle, there is more partying to be done, the Roman vs Carthage night always seems to end later than most – well who would argue with them The night traditionally ends with a fire show.


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